gynecology and obstetrics medical project, gynecology journal, obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, gynecological endoscopy, ultrasonography, gynecology articles

Ginekologia i Poloznictwo
ISSN 1896-3315 e-ISSN 1898-0759

The influence of the menstrual cycle phase on the occurrence of injuries in athletes


Author(s): Agnieszka Białka (ABCDEF), Agnieszka Kurpas (ACDE), Natalia Kędra (ACDE), Zuzanna Putoń (ACDE), Dominika Kostka (ACDE), Agnieszka Drosdzol-Cop (ACDE)

Introduction. The menstrual cycle consists of two phases: the follicular phase and the luteal phase preceded by ovulation. Each of them is characterized by a specific distribution of hormones which cause a number of changes in the women’s body. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of the menstrual cycle on the occurrence of injuries among women who train sports. Material and methods. The study included 107 women aged 18–32 years who trained athletics, volleyball or handball and sustained injuries of the musculoskeletal system. An anonymous self-constructed questionnaire was used. Results. All 107 women experienced musculoskeletal injuries. More than a half of the women sustained injury in the period before ovulation. The most common injury was twisted ankle. Conclusions. A phase of the menstrual cycle has a significant influence on the occurrence of trauma in athletes.