Author(s): Wies?aw Szyma?ski, Marek Szyma?ski, Maciej W. Socha
In spite of enormous progress and constant improvement of diagnostic techniques and methods of treating neoplasms, the epidemiological situation in case of the ovarian neoplasm seems to remain unchanged. However, the occurrence frequency of the ovarian neoplasm is constantly increasing and equals 3 for 100 thousand women aged below 30 and 37 for 100 thousand women aged above 50. Surgical treatment of the ovarian cancer is not only the basic method of the treatment procedure, but exploratory laparotomy often constitutes a diagnostic tool in case of lesions in the adnexa, difficult to be evaluated. A histopathologic evaluation of the ovarian tissue still remains the main diagnostic technique. Thanks to the progress in the domain of the clinical oncology, young women undergo sparing surgeries, even in case of selected forms of an advanced neoplastic disease. This study presents the principles of combined treatment at particular stages of the clinical progression of the ovarian cancer. It discusses surgical techniques which are essentially significant for procedures adopted in case of the ovarian cancer treatment.