Author(s): Magdalena Piwowarczyk, Jerzy Sikora
Shoulder dystocia belongs to the most frightening emergencies in the delivery room due to the possible harm to the fetus and the parturient. Although many risk factors could be associated with shoulder dystocia, most cases may occur with no warning and possibility of their prediction could be controversial. Shoulder dystocia is the failure in spontaneous shoulder delivery caused by prolonged head – to - body delivery intervals. The incidence of dystocia could be lowered by means of exact obstetrical assessment before the delivery, expanding the indications for elective caesarian section (birth weight > 4500 grams), enhancement of medical staff skills in accordane with the established code of conduct.