Author(s): KRZYSZTOF GOJD?1, MONIKA B?K-SOSNOWSKA2, SEBASTIAN KO?ODZIEJ1,WIKTOR ZAJCHROWSKI3,VIOLETTA SKRZYPULEC-PLINTA4
Introduction. The term burnout is used to describe the state of emotional exhaustion, deper-sonalization and lowered belief in personal achievements. The risk group at danger of burnoutare the persons occupied with aiding others, especially medical personnel, rescue servicemen,therapists, social workers and teachers.Objective. Determination of the level of the professional quality of life of Polish gynaecolo-gists and obstetricians and determination of risk factors associated with burnout, secondarytrauma and low satisfaction.Material and methods. Group tested: 222 gynaecologists and obstetricians; 126 women (56,7%)and 96 men (43,2%). The average age of the participants was 53,8 ± 9,07 years. The majoritylived in a city (93,2%), had a partner (75,6%) and one child or two children (82,8%). Theaverage period from graduation was 28,4 ± 9,4 years, and the average frequency of partici-pation in trainings was 3,6 ± 2,71 times a year. Tools applied: The Professional Quality of LifeScale (ProQol), the Subjective Health Profile (SHP), a survey.Results. At the area of occupational burnout, secondary trauma and job satisfaction average resultswere prevailing. In terms of the subjective sense of health – the results were above the average.The research revealed: a positive dependency between job satisfaction and the subjective senseof health (p<0.001), a negative dependency between occupational burnout and the subjectivesense of health (p<0.001), a negative dependency between secondary trauma and the subjectivesense of health (p<0.001). It was evidenced that: lowering by each point of the global result ofthe Subjective Health Profile causes increase of the risk of low job satisfaction by 14% (p<0.001),increase of the risk of high occupational burnout by nearly 15% (p<0.001), increase of the riskof high secondary trauma by 7.2% (p<0.001). Moreover, along with a lower (by 1) number oftrainings in a year the risk of occupational burnout grows by 50% (p<0.01).Conclusions. Polish gynecologists and obstetricians are characterized by diverse level ofprofessional quality of life. The largest group of subjects presents the average level. The riskfactor of low occupational quality of life is decrease of the subjective health. Furthermore, therisk of burnout increases with a smaller number of professional trainings.