gynecology and obstetrics medical project, gynecology journal, obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, gynecological endoscopy, ultrasonography, gynecology articles

Ginekologia i Poloznictwo
ISSN 1896-3315 e-ISSN 1898-0759

Medical and psychosocial overactive bladder


Author(s): Karolina Waligora

Introduction. Statistical data show that in Poland, 2.9 million (17.8%) women are affected by this disease. During the menopause symptoms of an overactive bladder occur in 50- 70% of women. Overactive bladder syndrome is a problem not only in medical terms but also in social terms leading to a significant reduction in the quality of life of women. Material and methods. The survey included a group of 116 women aged 18-84 years suffering from overactive bladder syndrome. The research tool was the original questionnaire containing 23 questions about the problems being the subject of research at work. The questionnaire used a standardized SF36 scale for quality of life assessment. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using Microsoft Office Excel. The Chi-quadrant statistical test was used to verify the hypotheses Results. 50.9% of the surveyed women were aged 31-45. 39.7% of women reported a continuous feeling of full bladder, 22.4$ day and night pollakiuria. There was an urgency in 19.8%of the women. For 16.4% OAB was a factor limiting to a very large extent activities requiring energy (running, physical work), for 12.9% of everyday activities. Conclusion. The vast majority of overactive bladder syndrome affects women of childbearing age. Symptoms of overactive bladder syndrome significantly hinder functioning and negatively affect interpersonal relationships with other people. There is a need to educate society about the overactive bladder.