gynecology and obstetrics medical project, gynecology journal, obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, gynecological endoscopy, ultrasonography, gynecology articles

Ginekologia i Poloznictwo
ISSN 1896-3315 e-ISSN 1898-0759

Diets supplementation of pregnant women recommendation and practice


Author(s): REGINA WIERZEJSKA, MIROSŁAW JAROSZ1, MAGDALENA SIUBA Instytut Żywności i Żywienia w Warszawie Dyrektor: prof. dr hab. n. med. Mirosław Jarosz

Introduction. Nutrient requirements are increased during pregnancy. For some nutrients adequate intake only by food consumption is difficult, therefore it is recommended to use dietary supplements.

The Aim. The aim of his study was to evaluate the frequency of maternal diet supplementation with vitamins and/or minerals with references to the recommended daily intake. Material and methods. Data for this study was collected from survey questionnaire carried out among 485 women giving birth at the Obstetric Department of Warsaw Medical University. Data on date of birth and weight of the newborn were taken from hospital records.

Results. The study showed that a high percentage of women (93,8%) supplemented diet during pregnancy. Most women declared dietary supplementation with folic acid (85,2%) and iron (80%). At least were implemented recommendations on supplement dietary iodine, which was taken by 29,3% of women. The quantities of some nutrients taken with dietary supplements exceeded the recommended daily intake.

Conclusions. The majority of pregnant women supplemented their diet with vitamins and minerals components. Due to taking large doses of certain nutrients, it is recommended to use dietary supplements under medical control.