gynecology and obstetrics medical project, gynecology journal, obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, gynecological endoscopy, ultrasonography, gynecology articles

Ginekologia i Poloznictwo
ISSN 1896-3315 e-ISSN 1898-0759

Detection the phenotypic of biofilm formation and its correlation with antibiotic resistant among uropathogenic bacteria isolated from Iraqi children


Author(s): Raghad Abdulwahab Kadhim* and Sanaa Khudhur Jameel

Background: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are a serious public health concern, especially in children, which can be caused by a variety of organisms, especially gram-negative bacteria. The biomarker procalcitonin has become more effective in diagnosing bacterial infections in the last decade.

Aim: This study was done to found out the ability of the bacterial isolates to form biofilm and to determine the antibiotic resistance for these biofilm-forming isolates in UTI patients.

Methodology: A case-control study included 60 cases from patients who suffer from Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) at Al-Imamain Al-Jawadain Medical City in Baghdad.

Result: Among total 60 isolates from UTI patients, The result of our study showed that 30.0% of the isolates have the ability to form strong biofilm, 33.3% were moderate, the result also showed the biofilm formation percentage of S. haemolyticus, E. faecalis, Proteus spp., K. pneumonia, S. aureus, E. coli, and S. epidermidis were (100%, 100%, 85.68%, 72.72%, 75.0%, 51.18% and 50% respectively). The biofilm forming isolates were highly resistance to Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Gentamicin and Trimethoprim.

Conclusion: The majority of the bacterial isolates was biofilm- forming and showed a wide resistance to range of antibiotics.