gynecology and obstetrics medical project, gynecology journal, obstetrics, gynecologic oncology, reproductive medicine, gynecological endoscopy, ultrasonography, gynecology articles

Ginekologia i Poloznictwo
ISSN 1896-3315 e-ISSN 1898-0759

Analysis of forceps deliveries in Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Polish Mother?s Memorial Hospital in Lodz



Introduction.Forceps delivery is one of the methods of ending the vaginal delivery. This kindof delivery has many supporters and many opponents. The controversy especially concerns themothers’ and newborns’ traumas. In fact, there has been a tendency to decrease the numberof forceps delivery. Some hospitals have given up this operation.Aim.The aim of this study is to estimate the frequency of forceps deliveries and analyze maternaland neonatal results.Materials and methods.The subjects of the study were forceps deliveries in Department ofObstetrics and Gynecology at Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital in Lodz between 1 January2006 and 31 December 2009. The results received were statistically analyzed. The results werecompared with earlier studies done in the Clinic.Results.5391 live newborns were subjected to retrospective analysis. All newborns were fullterm. In the examined period 403 births were forceps assisted operations. The analysis sho-wed the rate of forceps deliveries was 7,5% of all newborns. Genital tract trauma was esti-mated in more than 40% of the cases. The incident of birth trauma appeared in 14,4% of allthe cases. Conclusions.Obstetric forceps is safe when performed by an experienced obstetrician. For-ceps operations constitute an effective method of ending the delivery when the mother or fetalare threatened.