Author(s): MAGDALENA B?A?EK, MARIA KA?MIERCZAK, BOGUMI?A KIE?BRATOWSKA
Introduction. Adolescent pregnancy has constituted a problem and a research subject of various specialities. The main interest is in unwanted pregnancy and unintended motherhood. An impact of adolescent motherhood on offspring is also studied. According to WHO there are about 450 mln women at the age of between 15 and 19. Among these women annually there are from 6 to18% pregnancies, which constitutes about 13 mln adolescent women and their children.The aim of the study. To indicate risk factors of a normal course of pregnancy and child development of the pregnant teenage girls. Materials and methodology. The research included a group of 29 pregnant teenage girls coming from pathological environments and displaying symptoms of social maladjustment. The following factors underwent the analysis: stimulant use, dysfunctional family, escapes from home, education, sexual behaviour, inception age of sexual intercourse and a number of psychological characteristics of the minor functioning based on inquiry and psychometric methods. Results. It has been observed that the sexuality level of the researched girls is very high, there are pathologies in their families and a number of symptoms of the girls social maladjustment. In the researched group, the girls obtained unfavourable profiles within the scope of intellectual and social and emotional functioning, which results in low capability to manage their own behaviour and development and it does not let them positively forecast proper fulfilling of parental function. Assumptions. Increased sexuality of girl behaviour and their low emotional and cognitive competence does not allow for their future parenthood and this in turn results in conveying undesirable behavioural patters from generation to generation and causes an orhpanhood rate increase of teenage mothers.